The establishment which also includes captains of Indian industry who incur arguably the highest personnel training cost worldwide and endure Rock bottom labour productivity is in denial. But there is a mountain of evidence which testifies that India's education system from kindergarten to PHD is slowly sliding towards a deep abyss. The Body of Evidence is as disturbing as it is overwhelming.
In early childhood care and education the national early childhood care and education policy draught approved by the Union Cabinet of the Congress let you paid to government during its last few days in office, has disappeared into the bureaucratic maze under the rule of income and BJP led NDA government, which was voted to power at the centre with an overwhelming majority by exasperated electorate in general election 2014. Consequently, only 84 million of the country is 164 million children under age 5 are covered by the central government integrated child development services program which runs 1.34 million anganwadis countrywide. No has the union budget 2017-18 presented in Parliament on February 1 made any meaningful incremental outlet to enable in fusion of the 80 million infants uncovered by the ICDS programme. In this connection, it's pertinent to know that according to undp is latest human development report 2016 released on March 21, 38.7% of India's 164 million children under age 5 suffer severe malnutrition and are in danger of stunting and brain damage.
In primary education, the picture is only marginally better. The authoritative and deeply researched annual status of education report 2016 widely respected Pratham Education Foundation, released in Delhi on January 16, highlights abysmal learning outcomes in primary education in rural India. In 589 rural districts out of total 707 nationwide, 52.2% of class 5 children are unable to read and comprehend class 2 text books. Moreover, 62.3% of children in class 7th are unable to complete simple division sums and 74.5% can't do subtraction sums correctly. 98% of India's children between the ages of 6 to 14 are enrolled in 1.4 million Government and private primary schools countrywide, very little learning is happening inside the nation's classrooms, specially in public primary is run by the country is 29 state governments.
Things are hardly better in Secondary Education. In 2010 for the first time, a selected batch of secondary students from Government and private schools in Himachal Pradesh and Tamilnadu - among the countries most educationally advanced States - code program for international student assessment standardized test in maths and Science, administer to 15 year old from 74 countries to access the real learning capabilities. the Indian students cohort was ranked 73rd out of 74 teams that participated. Since then, the union HRD ministry has opted out of the tri annual PISA routinely topped by students from Shanghai. Foreign evaluation tests such as PISA aside, even in the National achievement survey 2015 in which NCERT assess the real learning outcomes of 277416 class 10th students of 7216 schools affiliated with 33 school leaving exam boards countrywide through standardized testing, students averaged less than 50% in all the subjects like english, Maths, Science and social science except major Indian language.
Nor does India's higher education system provide any relief. Except for a handful of IITs and IIMs established half a century ago, and the Indian Institute of Science Bangalore, none of India's 37000 undergraduate colleges and Eight hundred universities is rank among the Global top 200 by the reputed University ranking agencies QS and THE. Packed with mediocre, time- serving academics - themselves products of a dysfunctional education system- indifference to knowledge creation and research, most of the countries Institutions of Higher Education are haphazardly teaching and recklessly certifying an estimated 1.5 million graduates is prepared for the industry, agriculture and the professions.
Need of the hour is to smartly educate our children and make them ready for the future.
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21st Century Skills, Primary Education, Higher Education, Indian Education System